Persian Lesson 04 - Adjectives

We use adjectives in order to assign various values to a noun, this may not be the standard definition but neither is this lesson the standard lesson. When we say blue water we assign to the noun "water" another word that links with it and gives us knowledge regarding that particular noun, in our case, the color blue. In Persian, adjectives are added after the noun and connected vocally through an "e". This "e" is only pronounced, not written, so we will have:

آب آبی  ab-e-abi

خوب  good

کتاب  book

کتاب خوب   ketab e chub

We know how to say good book but how to say "the book is good"? Well, this is how (here we no longer pronounce that "e") :
کتاب خوب است

For this we used Simple Present Tense which we will discuss in the next lesson. "Ast" is for third person singular.
To say "this" and "that" in Persian you say:
این  'in'
آن   'an'

این کتاب خوب است  this book is good
آن کتاب خوب است  that book is good

Now it's time for comparative and superlative. For comparative we use تر  and for superlative we add the suffix ین   after the comparative suffix. For example:

زیباتر    more beautiful (than)
زیباترین  most beautiful
جوانتر  younger
جوانترین  youngest

Now let's make some sentences, there is nothing new to learn of how to write a superlative, yet the comparative needs a few things to be mentioned.
این کتاب از آن کتاب خوبتر است
"This book is better than that book". You guessed it, از  is the key to creating a comparative sentence. از  is usually translated as: of, from.

Bellow you have a short list of adjectives, read them, use them, learn them. Till next time,

Short list of adjectives:

خوب  good

بد  bad

بلند  tall

کوتاه  short

بزرگ  big/large

کوچک  small

تازه  fresh

جوان  young

پیر  old

گران  expensive

ارزان  cheap/inexpensive

سفید  white
سیاه  black

قرمز  red

آبی  blue

سبز  green

زرد  yellow

قهوهای  brown

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