We use adjectives in order to assign various values to a noun, this may not be the standard definition but neither is this lesson the standard lesson. When we say blue water we assign to the noun "water" another word that links with it and gives us knowledge regarding that particular noun, in our case, the color blue. In Persian, adjectives are added after the noun and connected vocally through an "e". This "e" is only pronounced, not written, so we will have:
آب آبی ab-e-abi
کتاب خوب ketab e chub
We know how to say good book but how to say "the book is good"? Well, this is how (here we no longer pronounce that "e") :
کتاب خوب است
For this we used Simple Present Tense which we will discuss in the next lesson. "Ast" is for third person singular.
To say "this" and "that" in Persian you say:
این کتاب خوب است this book is good
آن کتاب خوب است that book is good
Now it's time for comparative and superlative. For comparative we use تر and for superlative we add the suffix ین after the comparative suffix. For example:
زیباتر more beautiful (than)
زیباترین most beautiful
Now let's make some sentences, there is nothing new to learn of how to write a superlative, yet the comparative needs a few things to be mentioned.
این کتاب از آن کتاب خوبتر است
"This book is better than that book". You guessed it, از is the key to creating a comparative sentence. از is usually translated as: of, from.
Bellow you have a short list of adjectives, read them, use them, learn them. Till next time,
Short list of adjectives: